What is Biotin, What Does It Do?

Biotincan be defined as vitamin H, which is involved in the conversion of nutrients into energy. It is a very useful type of vitamin for skin, hair, nails, eyes, liver and nervous system health. In addition to its many benefits, it lowers bad cholesterol and regulates blood sugar levels. The baby has very important functions during the growth period in the womb.. Therefore, it is the type of vitamin that should be taken into the body during pregnancy. 

Smoking, malnutrition and unhealthy diet, diabetes can reduce the level of biotin (vitamin H) in the body. Biotin deficiency can cause hair loss, breakage of nails, scaling of the skin, high cholesterol and heart disease. Biotin deficiency may present with symptoms such as depression, fatigue, hallucinations, and tingling in the arms and legs. Foods containing biotin are egg yolk, liver and fish. Biotin can be taken from food, as well as with the help of supplements. Biotin supplements can be preferred in acne and eczema treatments.  

What are biotin properties?

· Biotin is not stored in the body; Since it is dissolved in water, it moves in the blood and the excess biotin in the body is excreted through the urine. 

· The human body cannot naturally produce biotin, but bacteria called intestinal flora can produce it and have a positive effect on human health.

Biotin is generally preferred in cosmetic products used for skin, hair and nail care.

Raw egg whites contain an “antimicrobial” protein called avidin, which binds biotin and prevents its absorption.

There are eight different types of vitamin H, but only D-biotin The so-called type is produced in the body.

How is Biotin Deficiency Treated?

Early diagnosis and treatment of biotin deficiency is very important. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to neurological disorders and many other diseases, as well as some diseases caused by biotin, which can result in death. Therefore, babies are screened within the scope of the screening program in Turkey. After the diagnosis of biotin deficiency, the vitamin containing biotin is taken orally and biotin deficiency is prevented. This treatment method continues throughout the life of the patient. All symptoms improve after treatment, but in some cases caused by biotin, there is no improvement. These developments can be listed as follows. 

- developmental delay, 

– optic atrophy and

- Hearing loss 

Biotin Benefits

The benefits of biotin can be listed as follows; 

– Protects the cardiovascular system.  

- Accelerates metabolism.

– It has many important functions in the digestive system and nervous system.  

– It helps to process amino acids, glucose and fatty acids. 

– Takes part in converting carbohydrates, proteins and fats into energy. 

– Biotin helps maintain blood cells and nerve tissue. 

– Balances blood sugar values ​​and helps prevent diabetes. 

-       It lowers bad cholesterol (LDL) and raises good cholesterol (HDL) and has a protective role against heart diseases.

– Biotin helps tissue formation and provides tissue regeneration. 

– It provides the production of keratin, which is the basic protein for hair, skin and nail formation.  

– Biotin, which is an important vitamin in the skin, helps to regulate the water balance of the skin. 

Foods Containing Biotin?

Since it is not stored in the body, biotin must be taken into the body with the help of supplements. Among the best sources of biotin; 

– Legumes,

- Egg yolk, 

– Maya,

- Peanut, 

- Hazelnut,

- Spinach,

– Soybeans, 

– Oat flakes, 

- Wheat,

– Mushrooms and 

– Beef liver 

While biotin obtained from plant-based foods can be directly processed by the human body, the support of protein compounds in the body is required before biotin taken from animal products can be absorbed into the body. Because biotin is a water-soluble vitamin, vegetables should not be cooked with too much water or for too long.

What is the amount of biotin required in the body?

People with a healthy and balanced diet usually meet their biotin needs without any problems. Daily biotin requirement; 

– 15 years and 15 + years; It is recommended as 30-50 micrograms. 

– For children, the lower value of biotin satisfies the need for difficulty.

Even if more biotin is taken than the daily requirement, Biotin from food has no known adverse effects. Therefore, there is no clear upper limit for biotin intake. As a preventive safety measure, it is recommended that the daily dose not exceed 180 micrograms.


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