Blood can be defined as "vital" fluid for human life functions. The production of this fluid is possible by fulfilling the functions of the organs. At the same time, it is very important that the cells, vitamins and minerals in the blood are balanced. We have compiled information about anemia for you, and we wish you a healthy reading!
What is Anemia?
anemia, anemia known as. Anemia, or anemia, can be defined as a low level of hemoglobin in the blood than it should be. Anemia is a health problem caused by the reduction of red blood cells (red blood cells). Genetic, unhealthy and malnutrition Conditions such as these can be listed among the conditions that cause anemia. Anemia can be seen in all individuals of all ages and all genders. However, some studies find anemia more common in women. The reason for this is women's menstrual bleeding, pregnancy and childbirth processes. In addition, the incidence of anemia is higher in individuals aged 65 and over. The most common symptoms in people with anemia are: fatigue, drowsiness and dizziness. There are basically 7 types of anemia. While some of these types can be treated, some types cannot be cured.
What are the Types of Anemia?
Anemia is defined as anemia. There are basically 7 types of anemia. These can be listed as follows;
· Anemia of chronic disease; Some chronic diseases can prevent the formation of red blood cells. These diseases can be listed as follows;
- HIV / AIDS
– Rheumatoid Arthritis
– Kidney Disease
· Iron Deficiency Anemia; It is the most common type of anemia in patients. If there is not enough iron in the body, there is a possibility of anemia.
Megaloblastic Anemia: It is a type of anemia that occurs due to the low presence of vitamin B9 and vitamin B12 in the blood.
Anemia of extreme anemia (Aplastic anemia); It is a type of anemia that occurs in conditions such as bone marrow failure, when the bone marrow does not produce red blood cells and white blood cells.
- Hemolytic Anemias; It occurs when the functions of red blood cells are completed and they are quickly destroyed in the blood.
- Mediterranean anemia,
– sickle cell anemia,
It is a type of hemolytic anemia.
- Anemia Due to Bone Marrow Disease; It is a type of anemia that occurs as a result of diseases such as leukemia negatively affecting the blood cells in the bone marrow.
- Malarial Anemia: It is a type of anemia that can occur as a result of mosquitoes stinging / biting people.
What are the Causes of Anemia?
Anemia may occur depending on the production of blood cells or the loss of blood cells that have completed their function in the blood. Therefore, it is very important to find and treat the problem that causes anemia. The causes of anemia are basically divided into two headings. These titles are;
· Factors that reduce red blood cell production
– Insufficiency of the erythropoietin hormone, which plays an active role in the formation of red blood cells and produced in the kidneys, or the inability of this hormone to fully perform its function.
– Caused by malnutrition; iron, B12 deficiency or B9 (folic acid) deficiency
- The thyroid gland does not secrete thyroid hormone
Factors that increase red blood cell destruction
– Intestinal disorders (crohn's disease and celiac disease)
Chocolate cyst, which is a type of uterine disease and irregular-severe menstrual period in women
– Pregnancy and childbearing
– Cirrhosis (especially due to alcoholism)
– Liver and spleen disorders
– some types of cancer, such as lymphoma, leukemia
- Exposure to certain drugs or toxins
– Certain infections, blood diseases, autoimmune disorders
– Destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis), which may be caused by blood incompatibility
– Genetic disorders (such as Mediterranean anemia –thalassemia- and sickle cell anemia)
What Foods Are Good for Anemia?
Anemia can be understood by symptoms such as severe fatigue, cracks in the corners of the mouth and in some parts of the body, and cold hands and feet even in hot months. In order to eliminate these symptoms, we need to pay attention to the foods we consume at some point. some foods in the treatment of anemia may support nutrients. However, the point that should not be forgotten is that regardless of the situation, it is necessary to consult a physician. Foods that are good for anemia can be listed as follows;
- Beef and other meats
- Beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals,
- dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach and
- dried fruits
- Green peas,
- Kidney bean,
- peanuts and
- Bread, cereal, pasta and rice cereal products
- Milk and milk products
- Foods citrus and juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes and strawberries
- Seed dried black grapes
- Dead nettle
In addition to the foods that are good for anemia, in consultation with your doctor, you can choose various foods. of supplements Consuming it will also help reduce your anemia complaint.